Types of salt and properties

Types of salt and properties

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Types of salt: many exist and many of us do not confuse them, it is good to clarify because in addition to having salt in the pumpkin it is important to put the right amount on the plate by choosing the one suitable for our body and our needs.

Before distinguish the various types of salt, we begin to think of salt as a crystalline mineral consisting of two elements, sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl). The first, together with potassium, which is also contained, are essential for each of us and I don't mean to refer to tasteless foods, which would be a secondary problem, no. They are chemical elements that initiate processes for formulating thoughts and actions, promote health in general e the balance of liquids inside and outside the cells.

Among the various Types of salt that we can meet, in the aisles of the supermarket or in cooking recipes, are certainly there herbal salt, pink Himalayan salt, Kosher salt, unrefined sea salt, Celtic salt, Hawaiian red salt. Together we will see others, equally important to be able to distinguish because not only taste and texture change, but also the ratios and quantities of sodium and minerals important for health.

Types of salt: refined sea salt

The most used of all Types of salt in absolute, to date, it is the refined marine, cleaned up, reduced to sodium chloride and unnatural. This means that the trace elements so indispensable for our body they are present in traces, on the other hand, we find ourselves assuming anti-caking agents added to prevent the granules from "sticking" to each other.

When we use this salt, poor in nutrients, our body realizes it and "demands" them, triggering a series of unpleasant, unhealthy reactions in the long run. Among all types of salt, what is considered by many to be responsible for ailments such as high pressure, premature aging, the mental rigidity and muscular is precisely this "refined"

Types of salt: whole sea salt

Marine but integral, this salt, like the previous one, is mostly made up of sodium chloride and is obtained for evaporation of sea water. The quantities of minerals such as potassium, iron and zinc present in this type of salt can vary significantly, depending on the place where it is collected, in general the darker it is, the higher the concentration of "impurities" and nutrients. Compared to the refined cousin, this "integral" is more genuine and has a stronger flavor because it contains traces of minerals and any impurities.

Types of salt: rock salt

If so far we have known Types of salt obtained by extraction from the sea, the rock salt arrives in the kitchen after an extraction process carried out in the deposits of sodium chloride in the solid state, in caves. They are actually ancient seas, but today considered terrestrial. Of course this procedure is more complex and longer than the previous one, marine, moreover the rock salt it is extracted in large pieces, then it must be ground before being sold.

The most famous mines of Rock salt in Italy They are in Sicily in Petralia, Racalmuto and Realmonte, and in Tuscany, in Val di Cecina. Then there are also those in Val d’Agri, in Basilicata and in Crotone, Calabria. This salt is also extracted in the rest of the world, in Austria, Poland, Spain and the Ukraine, going as far as possible in Tibet, Iran and South America.

Types of salt: iodized salt

The iodate, as well as others types of salt, it can be purchased in various groceries and also in tobacconists, also under the name of "iodized salt ", not to be confused with refined marine or wholemeal. In this case, in fact, the granules we have available to flavor our dishes were artificially added with iodine, in the form of iodide or potassium iodate.

There is no a world level a defined and equal quantity for all, for this “retouching” depends on the nutritional situation of the population. In our country, one kilo of iodized salt contains 30 mg of iodine. If this number seems of little importance to us, let's not forget that it is all relative and must be seen in the light of the fact that the iodine requirement for an adult it is only 150 micrograms per day.

Salt without iodine

Used mostly in diets for hypertension or in those with low sodium content, this iodine-free, among all the types of salt, is characterized by the presence of potassium chloride, placed in place of the sodium chloride that we usually find in table salt. It is not a trivial replacement, to be neglected, because it has important consequences on a physical level, therefore before choosing iodine-free salt, consult your doctor.

For those who generally have to decrease for health reasons, the amount of all types of salt, it is better that it proceeds in a different way than “without iodine”. It is a more natural path that can lead to interesting discoveries. Instead of salt, spices can be used: oregano, garlic, rosemary, turmeric, chilli, nutmeg, cinnamon and ground pepper fresh are just waiting to give a certain character to the recipes of the day.

Another consideration for those who need to reduce salt consumption: in parallel with the decrease in pinches of salt, we can also proceed with smarter choices about food which contain some "hidden". I am referring to many ready-to-eat foods, to what fast foods often offer us, canned products, cured meats, savory cheeses, brines and many sauces. I don't want to condemn any food a priori, but for these categories, we do at least pay attention to labels and the frequency with which we ingest it,

Types of salt: dietary salt

There are multiple varieties of Types of dietary salt, in truth and so far we have already talked about iodized salt, whole sea salt and hypoiodic or iodine-free They are missing the asodic salt and gomasio. The first is totally sodium-free, containing a maximum of 0.12%, while the second is a salt obtained by adding salt to roasted sesame seeds or algae. We often find it now to dress salads or cereals, instead of classic salt, even if of oriental origin, it has taken hold in Europe without any mistrust to overcome.

Because too much salt can create problems

When we exaggerate, with Types of salt, for some more for others less, but we may encounter health problems. This is because it can bind to water in the blood and increase blood pressure. It should not be condemned a priori but it is necessary to have measure in using refined salt as well as other types of salt.

The fact is that we should not "fixate" on eliminating table salt, it is better to tackle the problem in a more reasoned and complete way, also choosing foods that are not too processed and that do not contain Types of hidden rooms. If our diet is balanced, rich in whole foods and unrefined foods, it is not absolutely necessary to banish types of salt from the table.

Salt for dishwashers

Despite having the same chemical compound as table salt, sodium chloride, dishwasher salt is not replaceable with it. This is because it exists a specific formula which makes it completely free of iron and carbonates, compounds that make water harder thus putting the health of our appliance at risk.

You may also be interested in the following related articles:

  • Potassium iodide and sodium iodide
  • Mustard: plant and recipe
  • Savoury foods
  • How to prepare the salt dough

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