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All the advantages of the green manure technique. Information on when to sow and qsuch plants use for the green manure in the various periods of the year. Autumn green manure, winter, summer and spring green manure.
Green manure technique:when to sow
The period changes according to the needs. In the case of autumn green manuring, generally, the plants fill a ground otherwise in vegetative rest. The autumn or winter green manure plants are, in fact, slow-growing and will occupy the ground until the spring pre-flowering period.
Green manure plants can also be sown in spring and summer, in the pauses between one flowering and another. If your intent is to prepare a good seedbed, you can choose fast growing green manure plants to sow two months before growing your grower.
When burying green manure plants
To get the maximum benefit from green manuring and to better incorporate the plant mass into the soil, the best time to bury the plant mass occurs when the green manure plants are about to bloom. Generally, with autumn and winter green manure plants, the period coincides with spring, in particular with the months of April and May.
The vegetable mass of green manure plants must be previously mowed or chopped. Before incorporating it into the ground, we recommend waiting a couple of days so as to partially dehydrate the green part. If you bury too fresh cut grass, you risk undergoing fermentation processes that hinder the decomposition of plant biomass.
The vegetable mass must not be buried deeply: it is sufficient to incorporate the grass clippings to a depth of 10 - 15 cm. If buried deeper, due to poor oxygenation of the deeper layers of the soil, there may be problems with decomposition with insufficient humus formation. .
Bury the green manure with the rotary hoe
To bury the plant part, you can use agricultural tools such as the disc harrow, the spading machine or the rotary hoe
The rotary hoe is an indispensable tool for garden care. Excellent for preparing the seedbed, for working the soil, for burying organic matter and for the green manuring technique.
Among the various products on the market I would like to point out the Einhell GC-RT rotary hoe. 1440 with electric power supply. In the purchase package there are six different cutters, for the green manure technique you will need to use the disc ones shown in the photo above.
This tool in garden centers is offered at a price of around 150 euros. Yes Amazon is bought with 133.89 euros and free shipping costs. Of course, it is a small investment but definitely useful for facilitating the cleaning and maintenance of the garden.
Green manure plants
Green manure plants belong to three large families: legumes, crucifers and grasses. To choose the right plants according to the period (spring green manure, autumn green manure, winter or summer green manure), it is possible to contact local agricultural consortia to obtain the most suitable seed mixtures.
For example, a mixture of seeds of spring green manure plants could include Alexandrian clover, sweet clover officinalis, sainfoin, incarnate clover, alfalfa, resupinated trifolium, buckwheat, horseradish, facela, vicia villosa, and minimal percentages of calendula, serradella, coriander, kornardo, cumin, fennel, dill and rocket salad.
More info:such as green manure plants
Green manure, advantages:why practice the green manure technique
The advantages of green manuring are many. In this article we try to summarize them in this short list. Here are all the advantages of green manuring:
- Green manure improves the organic matter and humus content of the soil.
- Green manure improves the structure and porosity of the soil.
- Green manure protects the soil during vegetative rest and retains water.
- Green manure contributes to the root rooting of cultivars planted in the soil.
- The green manure technique helps in the control of weeds.
- It can replace manure.
- It helps to make the elements contained in the soil more available, such as iron, boron, chlorine, manganese ...
- Green manure increases biodiversity and favors the presence of so-called beneficial insects.